Interview with Dr. Kenneth Clark
QUESTION 3
INTERVIEWER:

AGAIN, THE DOLLS TEST.

Dr. Kenneth Clark:

The Dolls Test was an attempt on the part of my wife and me to study the development of the sense of self, self esteem in children. We worked with Negro children—I'll call black children—to see the extent to which their color, their sense of their own race and status, influenced their judgment about themselves, self esteem. We've now—this research, by the way, was done long before we had any notion that the NAACP or that the public officials would be concerned with our results. In fact, we did the study fourteen years before Brown, and the lawyers of the NAACP learned about it and came and asked us if we thought it was relevant to what they were planning to do in terms of the Brown decision cases. And we told them it was up to them to make that decision and we did not do it for litigation. We did it to communicate to our colleagues in psychology the influence of race and color and status on the self esteem of children.