Interview with John Conyers
QUESTION 23
INTERVIEWER:

Let me ask a question we asked before in terms of the new movement in the North, in terms of the move to Black Power, in terms of traditional civil right. Can you talk about emerging? It's kind of a shift in gears, we're going back to before the riot, but sensing this emerging voice in Detroit.

JOHN CONYERS:

Well it was, ah, the, the mood can be seen, ah, ah, it was coming forward in a number of ways. Ah, first of all there was a lot of impatience, ah, with the sort of, ah, prodding acceptability of the relationship between Blacks and Whites, ah, ah, in the, in the factories, ah, particularly within the unions. There were militant factions within automobile plants, ah, ah, locals which were, ah, which were determined, ah, that they were not going to wait, ah, to bargain and negotiate every two or three years about what they considered to be outrageous terms and conditions, out in the streets. Ah, there were new organizations being formed, with new leaders, indigenous leaders who were willing to march and picket and confront, ah, discriminatory housing, ah, employers who would not hire Blacks, ah, businesses that were considered to be, ah, unfair or overpricing and overcharging Blacks. And there was this, ah, that, ah, there was this new nascent leadership of a variety and it, it was all unorchestrated but a, but a, from a variety of sources that were determined that, ah, things were going to change and that they weren't waiting for, ah, ah, leadership on high in the Black community to give them some instructions from this point on. And these, these two different--