Interview with James Farmer
QUESTION 6
INTERVIEWER:

WHO WAS ON THE FIRST BUS, BASICALLY? WERE THEY PEOPLE FROM THE [unintelligible].

James Farmer:

Not really. We recruited a small group of 13 persons, carefully selected and screened, because we wanted to be sure that our adversaries could not dig up derogatory information on any individual and use that to smear the movement. Then we had a week of arduous training, to prepare this group of 13 for anything. They were white; they were black; they were from college-age up to the ‘60s, age ‘61, one professor from Wayne State University in Michigan, Dr. Walter Bergman was 61, his wife of approximately the same age, others were college students. Now, two of them, at least two, were persons who had participated in the sit-in movement, John Lewis for example, from Nashville, who at that time was a Bible Student in Nashville. And Hank Thomas who was a senior at Howard university and had participated in the sit-ins in Washington, DC. Others were white, were professionals. One was a former Navy combat captain, World War II, who dedicated himself to the tactic of nonviolence in this demonstration.