Were you ever aware of any sort of policy coming down on you from the FBI or the federal government based on how to deal with the Black Panthers?
Oh, no, there, there was, if the FBI ever would say anything, ah, it wouldn't be the uni--never to the uniformed policeman. They may have talked to our intelligence unit. I have no idea but, never gave us any instruction on what to do. You know we, We were advised by our, sergeants and lieutenants and captains that, ah, the Panthers were armed and violent and, ah, ah, were going to be aggressive in their behavior towards us. We were advised to be aware of that, you know**. And naturally we were, we knew who the Panthers were and then what the, you know, that they were going to confront you physically. That was just something to be aware of, that's all.