Interview with Adrienne Manns-Israel

OK, if you can give me a sense of the negotiations and that sense of non-stop back and forth.


Well, there were four of us that were chosen, a the negotiating team, and the first problem that we had was that to be chosen, had to be done by consensus, and there were maybe one thousand students, whose opinions had to be--we had to agree. And there was a steering committee of about 11 who made the nominations to the students, they agreed, but they said whatever we did, we couldn't do anything without bringing it back to them. So whatever points that the administration would agree to, or at this point the board of trustee's would agree to, we had to then tell them, "We'll had to take this back to campus." So we were going back and forth, back and forth on a lot of issues. And we came down to two that were a problem: first was Nabrit's resignation, and the trustees told us that he planed to retire the next year, so that they felt there was no need to, to ask him to resign. And secondly was on the matter of "Black," the word Black. We wanted Howard to make a statement about it's commitment to the Black community, to the welfare of the Black community. And, the trustee's said, "No," they couldn't do that**, I think it was Clark, yeah, Kenneth Clark who explained to us, that because Howard got so much money from the federal government that they couldn't afford to make an overt commitment to one group, because that would put them in violation of Civil Rights laws, or fairness or whatever, but they could make a statement that they were committed to general welfare of humanity and so forth. So we got everything except those two. It took us maybe two days, I guess of talking, going back and forth, from the hotel back to the administration building. Now those two points is where we, where we stopped.