Interview with Burke Marshall
QUESTION 27
INTERVIEWER:

WELL, WHAT WAS THE KENNEDY ADMINISTRATION'S POSITION ON THAT? WHAT WAS THEIR PRFERENCE?

Burke Marshall:

Our preference in all occasions was to get the states to apply the force that is necessary to, to make the order work. The reason for that is plain to me. Well, there are two reasons. One is that I think that is what the constitutional system contemplates and so there is a value in sticking to the constitutional system where you can. The other reason is though that the federal authorities are going to have to leave. And when they, it may be 6 months, it may be 16 months, but their going to have to leave, and when they leave the same state is gonna be there, the same sheriffs are going to be there, the same school boards are gonna be there. So if you can get them to accept their responsibility and get them to accept the inevitability of what's going to happen from the outset, everybody's better off, including the members of the civil rights movement. The use of federal force is a last resort, was our policy and I still think it was a proper policy.