Interview with William Simmons
QUESTION 12
INTERVIEWER:

OK, JUST A COUPLE SENTENCES, VERY BRIEFLY, WHAT'S… DEFINE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DESEGREGATION AND INTEGRATION, IF YOU THINK IT'S SIGNIFICANT.

William Simmons:

There's a significance difference between desegregation and integration. These two terms I think have been used interchangeably and quite erroneously. Desegregation simply means the absence of legal segregation, that is, the absence of laws requiring separation of the races. That is a negative. Integration is a positive that requires the actual mixing of races, and for racial reasons. And it's a, it's a new type of racism that is very disturbing. It has led to affirmative action, to busing of children to achieve so-called racial balance, whatever that is. And uh, uh, also it has led to the gerrymandering of school attendance zones in order to get what some social engineer thinks is a proper racial mix. So there's a world of difference between desegregation and integration.