Interview with William Simmons
QUESTION 4
Prudence Arndt:

TELL ME WHAT WAS GENERALLY CORRECT.

William Simmons:

I have heard it, well it's generally correct that there's a close relationship between blacks and whites in the South, although that terminology is recent. It used—the polite term was colored people in the '60s and that, that is true, that had always existed. It may be because of this unusual fact that in the South while we had social segregation, we did not generally have residential segregation. There was a close physical association between black and white. That is historically just a fact of life and it has, it has been summarized generally in this perhaps inaccurate phrase that in the South the blacks are highly regarded as people and not highly regarded as a race, whereas in the North, they are highly regarded as a race and not at all highly regarded as individual people.