Interview with Carl Stokes
QUESTION 4
LOUIS MASSIAH:

Okay, how, how did you pull together the different elements of the Black community as well as, as the White community in, in, in putting together a campaign? How did, how did you, 'cause there're all sorts of different folks, there're Black nationalists, there're political leaders. How did you pull people together to support, to, to support your candidacy?

CARL STOKES:

Well the 1965, or in 1967 elections, both you must remember were merely focuses of the political and civic, uh, and civil rights activity I had been involved in for 15 years. And, uh, the groups that had been of assistance to me--Americans for Democratic Action, organized labor, uh, uh, NAACP, Urban League, the, the, uh, different civic and community street clubs--all had been part of my elections to the Ohio legislature. And then in '65 I refined the process and then, then in 1967, it was refined even more. Black nationalists as well as liberal Whites and, uh, blue collar, White labor class people always had been part of, of, uh, of my campaigns which were at-large campaigns, and it was just a, in my own case, it was just a question of, of sharpening and focusing them upon the mayoralty election.