Interview with Cyrus Vance
QUESTION 23
INTERVIEWER:

At the time, at the end of this week in July 43 people had died--

CYRUS VANCE:

Because at the--

INTERVIEWER:

I'm sorry.

CYRUS VANCE:

Start over. The death toll was high because at the start of the riot the national guard wasn't prepared to handle to this kind of a situation nor were the state police nor were the local police. This was a new and different kind of situation. As a result of that, there was indiscriminate shooting that was taking place. An, and as a result of that a lot of people were wounded and, ah, and killed in the process. That wouldn't have been had there been the kind of organization in the national guard, the kind of planning which would have provided for proper linking and liaison between the police, the state police and the guard to handle with minimum force the situation that they were faced with. But this was a new situation for them. We learned from what was missing and caused the large death toll there. And I prepared a report afterwards which then became sort of the bible for how to deal with riot situations and got that to the governors and to the mayors of various cities so that they would be better prepared in the future. And as a result of that and, ah, and, ah, subsequent riots that did take place during that period of time, the death toll was less.