Interview with Judge John Minor Wisdom
QUESTION 19
INTERVIEWER:

ONE MORE SORT OF GENERAL QUESTION, I HAVE A FEW OTHERS AFTER THIS. DO YOU KNOW OF ANY THOUGHTS ABOUT A LEGACY OF, WERE THERE ANY LEGACIES OF THIS PERIOD. IT'S A PERIOD OF SCHOOL DESEGREGATION WHEN THERE IS A NEED FOR AN ENORMOUS, WELL MAYBE NOT ENORMOUS, BUT THERE'S A SIZEABLE AMOLNT OF INTERVENTION, FEDERAL INTERVENTION, JUDICIAL INTERVENTION, EVEN ARMED INTERVENTION, DO YOU THINK THERE WERE ANY LEGACIES THAT, THAT, THAT CAME FROM THIS?

Judge John Minor Wisdom:

The question of whether of there are any legacies from this period I think has to be answered by Yes. But I think the legacies are both good and evil. I think the legacy of good is that the federal judicial system came out of it intact, and with greater respect. I think that's a very important legacy. I think the legacy of ill that came out of it is the promotion of friction between the federal government and the states. When I think that friction was unnecessary and was certainly aggravated by the action of southern politicians witness the manifesto in 1956, witness the citizens councils and the politicians who felt they had to go along with the citizens councils. I think that exacerbated the always possible tension between the federal government and the States.