Interview with Paul N. Ylvisaker
QUESTION 9
INTERVIEWER:

Now we may begin about this, this, the landscape of the city.

PAUL YLVISAKER:

The landscape of the cities at the time was affected by a number of forces. One was mechanization of agriculture, which was driving rural people into the cities with the cities unprepared for the avalanche, really, that was coming, and this was not only Black, but the Black was the most conspicuous because of the racial dimension of it. The other forces were the highways, see. In the 1950s, the nation committed itself to a vast expansion of highways which led to the suburbanization and the, and the flight from the cities as we describe it now. The final force was the demography. These were, there were packs of young people coming on, and the younger people were more impatient, more inclined to idealism than the rest of the population. So these forces combined, along with the affluence, I think, to be, to be the major forces at wor--work at the time. I would read everything in the light of those four forces.