Interview with Andrew Young

Dr. King signs the agreements and postpones the marches indefinitely. As you walked out of the summit meeting, did you feel that the non-violent movement had won a victory in Chicago?


Not victory comparable, I mean, we didn't feel that the non-violent movement had won a victory comparable to any of those that we won in the South. But, when we signed an agreement in Birmingham, it was the same way. It wasn't until after the Birmingham agreement that we got Congress with a march o--I mean, Congress to introduce a Civil Rights Bill and a march on Washington that helped get it passed. But we felt that we had done about all that we could do at that point, and that something else would have to happen from that point on to deal with the problems of the Northern major cities. In fact, the thing that had to happen was we had to find some more government money to invest in cities. The city's infrastructure, the city's transportation system, the city's housing, all of those things were terribly under funded. The city's education system, at that time Chicago was spending approximately $235 on every Black child's education, and $435 on every White child's education. In the suburbs they were spending $700 on every White child's education, and in Evanston they were spending $900 on every White child's education. There's no way that you could expect a child on the South Side of Chicago to compete with a child in Evanston, when all of the advantages and all of the money were being put in the Evanstons, and little or nothing on the South and Westside.