Production Team: X
Interview Date: October 19, 1988
Camera Rolls: 3030-3031
Sound Rolls: 314-315
Interview with , conducted by Blackside, Inc. on October 19, 1988, for . Washington University Libraries, Film and Media Archive, Henry Hampton Collection. These transcripts contain material that did not appear in the final program. Only text appearing in bold italics was used in the final version of
QUESTION 1INTERVIEWER: How is it that you started working with the Panthers?
QUENTIN YOUNG: Yeah. Well, I was pretty active in the Civil Rights Movement. I was most related to the Medical Committee for Human Rights nationally and locally in the burgeoning coalition that ultimately brought Dr. King here. I was active in both. And I'm a physician and was very interested in the health issues involved in those movements, those movements. And early on, Al Raby, who had emerged as the youthful leader of the CCCO, the Coalition of Community Organizations[SIC][Coordinating Council of Community Organizations], and himself a teacher. He gave up the teaching to lead the group. Nevertheless, he had contacts with young students, Black students, and he asked me if I would see a youngster, couldn't have been more than 16, maybe, 17, who had the nickname "Doc" Satchel. Ronald, I think is his real name. Doc Satchel was sent to me because he was interested in the health issue, and he was a young Panther. He was very un-Panther-like. He was a very slight young man, maybe five foot seven, probably more like five-six. Weighed about 120 pounds dripping wet. Very soft spoken. Very, very modest in his presentation. I was, of course, excited that a young high school student would be interested in the health issue. And he came, not with a lot of formal knowledge, but a real sense that this was one of the programs, they had breakfast programs, and they had health clinics in their founding place in California. And this was the Chicago expression and he wanted to learn all about it.
QUESTION 2INTERVIEWER: Now, did Fred and Doc work together on establ--on, on, on getting the plans going for the clinic here?
QUENTIN YOUNG: Eventually, I met with Doc, gave him some books. I remember telling him what I tell everybody I lend books for. The only way to really make me dislike you is to fail to return your books. If you return them, I'll give you more. He returned them, and I did give him some more. And very soon after, weeks at the most Fred Hampton and some of the other--
QUESTION 3INTERVIEWER: So what, what were the ideas coming together that--
QUENTIN YOUNG: Well, at the time we're speaking of, there was a proliferation of so-called people's clinics, community clinics, not merely in Chicago but in the nation. It was a real movement. And they, they had several characteristics. They were based on indigenous activity. They usually particular communities or constituencies, we had a half a dozen or so. The, the Panthers were among the last to come in, but trading on that other experience and with a rather clear notion of what they wanted. They wanted in their community where their largest number of supporters and members were, they wanted to establish a free clinic, a clinic where people could come for care in a way that they couldn't get elsewhere. I mean, there certainly were other places where these people went for care, but no place that was, so to speak, their own where there was no charges, that was, there was no sliding scale, there was just no charges. And we talked about those considerations. We talked about details like the actual physical plant, what kind of room you'd, more than room, space, it was, in its fullest expression after it was built, a very nice attractive place. It wasn't like so many, kind of jerrybuilt with hand-me-down equipment and ugly appointments. It was, for example, had superb brick layering to replace the kind of storefront it had.
QUESTION 4INTERVIEWER: How many people were actually served in the clinic?
QUENTIN YOUNG: OK, in terms of numbers, it would be hundreds, I'd be very hard pressed to come up with a hard number now. Equally interesting is how many people worked for the clinic. The, the Panthers, no question about it, had an extraordinary appeal for the kinds of volunteers in the health work force, the young doctors who were either in training at the hospitals, or already out in practice. Nurses, technicians, all the elements that go into a good-run medical center, they had few problems in attracting people. The Panthers were no question about it, in some respects isolated and thought of as being too militant, but it didn't reflect itself in either a lack of volunteers of the professional type and technical type on one hand, or patients. The patients certainly didn't stay away.
QUESTION 5INTERVIEWER: What, what was that appeal? Where did the, what, what was the appeal to someone like you to work with them?
QUENTIN YOUNG: Well, I was a perfect frame of mind for it. The idea that people would work for the, their own solution of their own problems. Recruiting, of course poured from elements that could help whether it was professional time, or, or liberating, in the best sense, equipment and, and supplies, drugs, medicines for the clinic. That to me was a very sound way to go in that particular period. And certainly the community they picked was about as down-trodden as you can get in America. It was the very center of the West Side ghetto, which is extremely depressed. Very high joblessness, a very high dependency of, on welfare, all of the attendant problems. So they were going to no easy touch, and they wanted to do it just that way.
QUESTION 6INTERVIEWER: You told me a very, crap, humorous story about working for a while, and can you just repeat that?
QUENTIN YOUNG: Yeah, I would like to do that. The, it was very interesting, I, by every standard, was a senior citizen, even though I was much younger than I am now, having been in practice perhaps some 20 years at that point. And I guess by presentation and, and way of conducting myself professionally, I was very much a conservative. I wore a three-piece suit without, I hope, being particularly haughty. It just felt that was the way I'd like to do it. Meanwhile, most of the doctors and other people there were part of the culture of the movement which included a clothing coat which was quit unusual. Blue jeans was already formal dress and sandals and barefoot were OK. And ties were a sign of selling out. Shirts while they could be clean, could never be pressed, et cetera. And they were very dedicated young people, and I'll testify they were very skilled at what they did. They liked this idea of organic unity with the patients, who dressed better than they did, let the record show for all their poverty, were neater and, and, more concerned about their presentation. And when I say, they weren't concerned, they were concerned. The idea of looking unruly was their way of expressing themselves. After about two weeks in the clinic, the Panther who was in charge of running it, called all the doctors into what was a very comfortable kind of a break area, where you could get coffee and sit around and chat in between patients at appropriate intervals. And it was different. And he said, he wanted to tell us something, we thought this was going to be very important, a change in policy, what have you. He says, he says, "I got a problem, we have a lot of patients come here who see doctors, they see them in the clinics, they see them in their doctor's office on occasion, and the doctors present themselves with coats, stethoscopes and even ties. And you're confusing the patients." He said, "What we've done is, is, is, is get a large variety of, assortment of doctor's jackets," and he pointed to a rack that had easily 50 of all sizes and even colors. "Pick the one you like, but we'll expect you to wear a jacket here so the patients will understand that by the outward symbols you are indeed a doctor in addition to your great desire to serve the people"--that was a Panther slogan. He was being not sarcastic, but ironic. And, it worked. I mean, a little grumbling about bourgeois and selling out, but they got the point. And while it's a small point, it did indicate if you're going to serve the people don't give them added burdens of worrying about whether you're a real doctor because you don't dress like any doctor they ever saw. That, put simply, it's an indulgence on your part to, to demand that they accept you as you try and mimic what you think they're style is.
QUESTION 7INTERVIEWER: How was it that Fred appealed to you to come and work in the clinics and help get them going? What was it about him?
QUENTIN YOUNG: Well, it was, Fred was an enormously appealing human being. It's really hard to put to words without sounding maudlin or romantic. And, I, in the long life, have met a lot of people, many of whom are outstanding in their expression, their political understanding, and their leadership qualities. I'm almost certain I've never met anybody who exceeds him and probably few who equaled him. And I've had the privilege of knowing Martin Luther King, knowing major leaders of the Civil Rights Movements and other movements. So what I'm saying is, based on a serious comparison, and the most striking thing about him, was that he was youthful. Not in his manner. He was a young man, and couldn't conceal his youthful vigor. He had a beard, and, and the style, and so he didn't look overly callow. And that's hardly the point. The point is that he was so young to have so many skills. And his skills were enormous. He had enormous communications skills. He was a very impressive person, I'm tempted to say charming, if I wouldn't be misunderstood. He won you over. It wasn't--
QUESTION 8INTERVIEWER: What was his dream about the clinic?
QUENTIN YOUNG: Well, the clinic was part of a larger thing, I don't think he was obsessed about the clinic.
VOICE: Dr. Young, Mrs. Allison from WBEZ on line one.
QUESTION 9INTERVIEWER: OK, just, in that one last question, what, what was it that Fred, and the others, were able to bring together?
QUENTIN YOUNG: Well, one can stress, as I have, the, his enormous attractiveness as a human being, his great communication skills and so on. But, the message obviously was what was most important. And this message, even those times of great ferment and great pronunciamentos, was special. We were moving of, of Black Nationalism, of separatism, which I think everybody understood. And the Panthers I think to most people, friend and foe, were thought of as a part of that. But that was not, that was not what Fred Hampton talked about. He was very much a person who went beyond bounds of, of, of mere racial unity and advance of the race. He, he spoke consciously and explicitly in terms of across the racial barriers, and indeed to put it in the old terms, in terms of the human race. And that was a very exciting vision because, mid-sixties, no one knew where things were going to go at all, but people knew that there was a--
VOICE: Doctor West to Doctor Young, please, for Michael, it's an emergency, line one.
QUENTIN YOUNG: That's a big one the--
QUESTION 10INTERVIEWER: OK, one last time.
QUENTIN YOUNG: The same thing? Yeah? OK, the, the thing about Fred's message was extraordinary for those times. It was a time when the movement was moving in the direction of Black separatism and emphasis on the Black pride, Black unity, and things I think everyone of us understood and, and could deal with. His message went beyond that, and it was explicit and not veiled, explicit. Cross-race unity. And to deal with things in terms of a, of a, of a movement that could work together. He emphatically appealed for White participation and support in the numerous projects that he and his colleagues were putting together. And that was extraordinary because, in that sense, it was counter-current. It was visionary and clearly found a place in, in what he was trying to do in terms of organize and elevate the most explicitly down-trodden sectors of our society. He was asking all people to participate in that effort. And that was a very, very attractive appeal.
INTERVIEWER: Great, cut. Good.